河北安平中学实验部高一年级英语学科寒假作业 2019年2月12日 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分40分） 第一节 （共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Here are our suggestions for keeping busy this week.Dive in! Take to the waves in Southampton Always fancied trying your hand at sailing？Now is your chance.The Southampton Boat Show has plenty of opportunities for visitors to get out on the water to experience boat sailing, power-boating or taking a ride on a RIB — all for free. Discover an island on the Thames To celebrate Totally Thames, a month-long festival is held at various locations across London.We’ve discovered 21 of the river’s most fascinating islands — all of them with interesting stories to tell.Make the most of it with our map here. Catch great films in Bristol Over six days, Encounters Film Festival screens up to 400 films from over 60 different countries.The Bristol festival provides a platform for international filmmakers, and offers a gateway to the likes of the BAFTAs, Oscars and European Film Awards.See here for full details. Get scientific in London Experience the latest, best and most challenging science covering all areas of our lives and universe at New Scientist Live at ExCel London.New Scientist Live is a four-day festival full of ideas and discoveries from the team behind the world’s most popular science weekly magazine, featuring four zones — Brain & Body, Technology, Earth and Universe — as well as talks from experts and over 200 exhibitors. 21．Which is the most suitable for sailing lovers? A．Take to the waves in Southampton. B．Discover an island on the Thames. C．Catch great films in Bristol. D．Get scientific in London. 22．What is New Scientist Live? A．A science weekly magazine. B．A festival to celebrate great scientists. C．An exhibition to show scientific discoveries. D．A festival where ideas and discoveries are shared. 23．Where can you find the text? A．On a noticeboard. B．On a website. C．In a newspaper. D．In a book review. B Recently, I’ve found an increasing number of coffee shops that don’t offer Wi-Fi.I know what they’re trying to do.They want people to talk to each other without being consumed by technology.They want to stress the relational aspect of coffee shops and would rather hear many voices having deep discussions than see keyboards or eyes staring at a cell phone.However, their good intentions are often mistaken by consumers, me included. One snowy day, a friend and I decided that it would be a great idea to go to a local coffee shop and get our work done there.We found a place that had unique coffee flavors and great reviews.It was a bit of a walk from where our subway dropped us off, but we thought it was worth it. We walked through the snow and my feet were almost frostbitten (冻伤的) because the boots I wore were not warm as I had originally assumed.About 10 minutes later, we found the coffee shop and our blue lips were eagerly looking forward to that warm drink.As we walked up to the door, we saw the sign, “No Wi-Fi.” In anger, we looked at each other and said “Starbucks？” Of course, this was a loss for them.They lost our business and the chance to make their relationship building task a reality.People who come to coffee shops to work do come to be on their computers, but they also go there so they can still have human interaction (互动)．They want to work around other people, not in a room by themselves.What’s more, even if the shops don’t have Wi-Fi, people will still use their phones, unless all phone service is blocked out.So my friend and I spent the snowy day working together in the biggest chain coffee shop.We completed our task perfectly and that wasn’t the case in those coffee shops without Wi-Fi. Therefore, there is no need to shut Wi-Fi to customers.With it, the shop will get more people and there’ll be more laughter and better relationships than before. Don’t make us go to Starbucks for our next snowy day. 24．What is the purpose of many coffee shops’ shutting Wi-Fi? A．To keep people drinking coffee quietly. B．To cut down the unnecessary expense. C．To get people to communicate face to face. D．To prevent people from disturbing others. 25．What did the author and his friend plan to do on that snowy day? A．Walk back home from work. B．Finish their work at a coffee shop. C．Find a warm place to have a good rest. D．Express their anger to coffee shopkeepers. 26．The author thinks the coffee shop’s practice is wrong because the shopkeeper . A．failed to block out all phone service B．didn’t communicate with customers C．didn’t offer computers to customers D．caused inconvenience to customers 27．What’s the tone of the author’s writing this passage? A．Persuasive. B．Encouraging. C．Teasing. D．Praising. C AT&T started its “It Can Wait” campaign against texting while driving in 2010.They call on all drivers to sign up for a 21-Day pledge (保证) — a pledge to not text and drive.Since then, research suggests there has been a connection between the campaign activities and a reduction in crashes.Almost half of the people who have made pledges say they now don’t use their smart phones while driving. However, AT&T has found that even though nearly 99 percent of drivers understand that texting while driving is dangerous, nearly 70 percent do it anyway.Some say they do it because they think they’re better at multitasking than others.Some say they only use their phones at red lights, or they only quickly glance at their phones sometimes.Others say they’re trying to stop, but believe that distracted (注意力不集中的) driving is even “addictive”． Over the years, we have found some effective ways to deal with distracted driving.One is to use user-friendly tools to help drivers resist the urge to glance at their phones while behind the wheel.Countless hands-free devices (装置) and Bluetooth speakers combined with a mobile app will, when active, automatically block incoming notifications sensing that the car is in motion.With the right devices, drivers can stay connected without taking their eyes off the road. The second way is really important.AT&T’s studies found that most smartphone users have a significant amount of their interactions with just five people.They also found that more than 80 percent of drivers said they would immediately stop using their phone while driving if a loved one or someone in their top friends list asked them to.We urge everyone to act on this information. Distracted driving is a bad habit, and bad habits are tough to break.But if we work together — and keep communicating our concerns with the people we love — we can make a difference. 28．What can we infer about the “It Can Wait” campaign? A．It aims to end aggressive driving. B．It provides help for drivers in emergencies. C．It works well in reducing road accidents. D．It makes efforts to improve road conditions. 29．Distracted driving is still at a high level because of . A．high pressure from daily life B．the side effects of drugs C．lack of strict traffic laws D．drivers’ attitude problems 30．How do hands-free devices with an app help drivers? A．By reminding them to call later. B．By preventing the incoming calls. C．By telling callers to leave a message. D．By warning them of the possible danger. 31．What suggestion is made to deal with distracted driving in Paragraph 4? A．Use the power of public opinion. B．Educate drivers to learn self-control. C．Communicate more with safe drivers. D．Let people close to drivers remind them. D Shanghai leads the mainland in an international standardized (标准化的) test of English language level, according to the British Council’s white paper on mainland test takers’ IELTS performance.The white paper shows people on Chinese mainland have been making progress in their ability to listen, read, write and speak English in the past five years. People who took the IELTS Academic test showed the least progress in speaking English.The test takers’ total score from the four-part test is below the world average, with the largest gap in the speaking test.The white paper also showed mixed development of English skills in various areas on the mainland.Shanghai, which achieved respective (分别的) average scores of 5.87 points and 5.95 points in the academic and training tests, led the mainland in the listening, speaking, reading and writing tests.Shanghai’s universities and high schools also had the best results. Barry O’Sullivan, head of assessment research and development at the British Council, said Shanghai stood out against the other provinces because it is an international city, where students have a better environment and stronger motivation (动力) to learn and use English.The average score of Shanghai test takers in reading is higher than the world average, and their listening and writing scores are equal to the world average.But Shanghai test takers’ speaking score is not so good as the other three. The city’s Fudan University topped other universities on the mainland with the highest average IELTS scores. Fudan students’ reading, listening and writing scores exceeded (超过) the world average but their speaking scores were below it.According to the white paper, all test takers said self-motivation was the most important factor for them, while those with IELTS scores higher than 7 points thought their high school teachers played an important role. The white paper also found that the English educators on the mainland who had mixed abilities in reading, writing, listening and speaking were weakest in speaking English. Chinese authorities are working to deal with these issues.For example, they have released the Chinese Standards of English which outlines English students’ abilities at nine levels. 32．Which kind of ability of the mainland students needs to be improved urgently? A．The ability of listening. B．The ability of speaking. C．The ability of reading. D．The ability of writing. 33．Which of the situations of the IELTS test on the mainland is correct? A．The highest average score of the academic test among all provinces is 5.87 points. B．Test takers in Shanghai have the best scores in the world. C．There is no big gap between Shanghai and other provinces in IELTS test scores. D．Mainland test takers score higher than most countries’ in the world. 34．According to the passage, English skills might be greatly affected by . A．one’s motivation to go abroad B．one’s attitude to the test C．the level of education one receives D．the overall social environment one lives in 35．It can be inferred from the passage that . A．students in Fudan University have the best self-motivation B．the speaking test is the most difficult one among the four tests in IELTS C．the scores of IELTS are much influenced by high school education D．the level of Chinese students’ English ability is above the world average 第二节（共5小题；每小题2分，满分10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 As parents, sometimes it may feel like all your kids do is sit in front of a screen. 36 If we’re realistic, that’s probably not going to happen.But if you keep things properly managed, screen time can be beneficial. ?Acknowledge that screens aren’t all bad. 37 Watching television or playing games on the computer can be fun, entertaining and a good way to relax.There are also many programs, games and apps that are educational and your children will likely have some homework to do on a computer. ? 38 While screens can be beneficial, if your kids spend too much time in front of them they will miss out on other activities.Things like playing outdoors, reading and doing sports are extremely important for balance. Face-to-face communication with family and friends teaches valuable social skills — something that can’t be learnt via social media. ?Educate yourself. To strike the right screen time balance for your house, start by learning what technology is around, what it’s best used for and for the ages it’s appropriate. 39 Other parents might be able to offer some insight (见解) too. ?Set limits for your kids and yourself. It’s a good idea to put some rules in place around screen time.Let your kids know how they are allowed to use screens — what for, when and for how long. 40 They’ll be more receptive to the rules if they’ve had input.Of course, let the screen-time limits you set for your kids be a guide for yourself as well. A．Don’t let screens take over. B．Manage your family’s screen time. C．You can do your own research or talk to your kids about it. D．Discuss these rules as a family so your kids can have a say too. E．Children and teenagers can benefit from age-appropriate technology. F．You might even feel like you want to ban screens from your home altogether. G．If you’re eating dinner, set the work emails aside and chat about your day as a family. 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节，满分45分) 第一节：完形填空(共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D )中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Harris accompanied his friend George to his favorite news-stand. George __1__ the man selling the newspapers politely, but he received __2__ service. The man never even __3__ when he requested the late night edition. George politely smiled, __4__ the newspaper, which was thrown rudely in his direction, and wished the man a pleasant weekend. “Does he always __5__ you so rudely？” when walking down the street Harris asked. “Yes, unfortunately, he does，” George __6__. “And are you always so kind and friendly to him？” “Yes, I am！” George __7__ as they turned a corner. “Why are you so nice when he is so unfriendly to you？” __8__ a look of deep thought, George explained, “Because I don t want him to__9__ how I am going to act.” Then, who decides how you are going to act? It is the __10__ people in your life that determine your __11__？ When we allow our conflicts to control us, we behave __12__ getting rid of our difficulties is our only priority (最重要的事). Therefore, it doesn t really __13__ how we treat one another. For example, we often hear people say “This person is causing me unhappiness right now so I don t __14__ exercising patience, self-control and loving kindness. __15__， I want to let them know how __16__ I am as a result of their actions.” However, they forget that trials (令人伤脑筋的事) will eventually weaken. But the way we handle __17__ will influence our lives for a long time. Will you only respond to the __18__ trials or will you be more __19__ about the lasting value of what kind of person you are becoming? Who decides the __20__ you will act when the pressure is on？,1.A.paid B．greeted C．questioned D．charged 2．A.unfriendly B．financial C．polite D．illegal 3．A.stayed up B．gave up C．looked up D．dressed up 4．A.accepting B．selling C．requesting D．reading 5．A.expect B．direct C．affect D．treat 6．A.complained B．replied C．criticized D．added 7．A.commented B．continued C．guaranteed D．demanded 8．A.At B．For C．With D．To 9．A.realize B．ignore C．wonder D．decide 10．A.difficult B．familiar C．easy-going D．modest 11．A.minds B．qualities C．response D．attempt 12．A.even though B．so that C．as long as D．as if 13．A.matter B．work C．apply D．stress 14．A.look after B．care about C．hear of D．ask for 15．A.Therefore B．Thus C．Instead D．Besides 16．A.grateful B．angry C．ashamed D．surprised 17．A.conflicts B．efforts C．behaviors D．goods 18．A.major B．serious C．funny D．temporary 19．A.curious B．particular C．concerned D．excited 20．A.reason B．time C．place D．way 第二节（共10小题：每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Have you ever thought about the best meal you have ever eaten? For many people, it isn t just about the quality of the food；it s also about great memories of a particular vacation or the person it was shared 61.____________. We asked 100 famous chefs from around the world 62.____________ their best meals were, and we got some 63.____________ (interest) answers. As the researchers expected,30% of the chefs 64.____________ (survey) said that their best meal as a kid was still what they liked the most as an adult. 20% 65.____________ (consider) a meal in a fancy restaurant as the best one in their lives, and another 10% said that a meal while they were on vacation with their wife 66.____________ husband was the best of all time. 15% said that a simple meal that they often cooked at home ranked 67.____________ (high) than any other meal, and the same number said that their best dish was something they made at the place where they worked. 68.____________ (surprising)，10% of these chefs said that their favorite meal of their entire lives was at a fast food restaurant! These best 69.____________ (cook)in the world would pick McDonald s or KFC if they had the choice of what 70.____________ (eat)． 第三节 单句语法填空 71．The little problems _______ we meet in our daily lives may be inspirations for great inventions. 72．My eldest son, _______ work takes him all over the world, is in New York at the moment. 73．Mr Reed ____(select) to represent us in the meeting has been sent to have a talk with them. 74．It was clearly ________(evidence) that the company was in great difficulties. 75．Perhaps the most difficult challenge is how ________(survive) without friends in life. 76．I don t really fancy ________ (do) business with him. 77．He was severely criticized and ________ (remove) from his post. 78．It is said that the early European playing cards ________ (design) for entertainment and education. 79．We ________(face) the difficulty together, but why didn t you tell me? 80．All the workers ________(belong) to the factory must obey the rule. 第3部分 写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节 短文改错（共10小题，每小题1分，满分10分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单间的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 Volunteering has a positive effect in our community.It is greatly benefit to us in several ways.First of all, volunteering can let us to learn more about society and gain valuable experience.Secondly, volunteering provides us with a good opportunity to put what we had learned to good use.I hope more and more students will active join the volunteer club of our school.Let’s care for the old and disabled people around us by offer a helping hand.Let’s clean the parks near their home.Let’s go to nursing homes to bring love to people which are in need.Remember, we can make difference to society if we are willing to help others.So let’s take actions. 第二节：书面表达(满分25分) 2012年伦敦奥运会已经结束，我国体育健儿取得了骄人的成绩，请以“What makes an outstanding athlete？”为题， 并根据以下所提示的信息写一篇英语短文，内容要点如下： 1．你觉得一名优秀的运动员应具备的最重要的1～2个品质是什么，如坚定的意志、健康的体魄、突出的技巧等； 2．以你所熟悉或喜爱的运动员为例适当展开说明主题； 3．这种品质对你有何影响。 注意：词数120～150。 参考范文： What makes an outstanding athlete? I m deeply impressed by the outstanding athletes performing in the London Olympic Games. The London Olympic Games have witnessed Chinese athletes great achievement. As far as I am concerned, it s necessary for athletes to have some extraordinary spirits, which make them become outstanding. For example, having a tough mind, a strong body and a wise brain are the keys to success. What is the most important, I think, is having a gift in sports. As we can see，Sun Yang has won two gold medals in swimming events, who is just 20 years old. Also, it s known that Sun Yang is tall with long arms, big hands and large feet，which set him apart to other swimming players.I believe he will get more gold medals in the future. “No pains, no gains.” Only if we work hard and improve our skills again and again will we succeed. I believe the great spirit will become a motivation in my study.