2018-2019学年第一学期高二年级英语期中考试试卷 试卷类型：A卷 卷面分值：120分， 考试时长：100分钟 第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分40分） 第一节（共10小题；每小题2分，满分30分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Benjamin West, the father of American painting, showed his talent for art when he was only six years of age. But he did not know about brushes before a visitor told him he needed one. In those days, a brush was made from camel’s hair. There were no camels nearby. Benjamin decided that cat hair would work instead. He cut some fur from the family cat to make a brush. The brush did not last long. Soon Benjamin needed more fur. Before long, the cat began to look ragged （蓬乱）. His father said that the cat must be sick. Benjamin was forced to admit what he had been doing. The cat’s lot was about to improve. That year, one of Benjamin’s cousins, Mr. Pennington, came to visit. He was impressed with Benjamin’s drawings. When he went home, he sent Benjamin a box of paint and some brushes. He also sent six engravings （版画）by an artist. These were the first pictures and first real paint and brushes Benjamin had ever seen. In 1747，when Benjamin was nine years old，Mr. Pennington returned for another visit .He was amazed at what Benjamin had done with his gift. He asked Benjamin’s parents if he might take the boy to Philadelphia for a visit. In the city, Mr. Pennington gave Benjamin materials for creating oil paintings. The boy began a landscape (风景) painting. Williams, a well-known painter, came to see his work. Williams was impressed with Benjamin and gave him two classic books on painting to take home. The books were long and dull. Benjamin could read only a little, having been a poor student. But he later said,” Those two books were my companions by day, and under my pillow at night.” While it is likely that he understood very little of the books, they were his introduction to classical paintings. The nine-year-old boy decided then that he would be an artist. 1. What is the text mainly about? A. Benjamin’s visit to Philadelphia. B. Williams’ influence on Benjamin. C. The beginning of Benjamin’s life as an artist. D. The friendship between Benjamin and Pennington. 2. What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 3 suggest? A. The cat would be closely watched. B. The cat would get some medical care. C. Benjamin would leave his home shortly. D. Benjamin would have real brushes soon. 3. What did Pennington do to help Benjamin develop his talent? A. He took him to see painting exhibitions. B. He provided him with painting materials. C. He sent him to a school in Philadelphia. D. He taught him how to make engravings. 4. Williams’ two books helped Benjamin to ________. A. master the use of paints B. appreciate landscape paintings C. get to know other painters D. make up his mind to be a painter B The English language is full of phrases about the weather. Some of these phrases are easy to understand, but others are not really about the weather at all. If you say you “hit rough weather”, you may not be struck by a real storm, but you do experience difficulties or problems. If you don’t know what such phrases mean, they might leave you “in a fog (雾)”! In English, you can “shoot the breeze”, or have an informal chat. But things can also be a breeze. If you take an exam and find it very easy, you’d tell your friends: “It was a breeze!” The wind can also bring information. You can “get wind of” a piece of news, and if someone “knows which way the wind blows”, they have a good idea about how things will work out. But don’t “throw caution (警惕) to the wind” — that means taking a great risk! Clouds sometimes bring rain, and in English they often represent problems or difficulties. If someone “sees a cloud on the horizon (地平线)”, there may be problems ahead. And if someone is “under a cloud”, then people think the person might have done something wrong. But clouds are not always bad; in fact, people say that “every cloud has a silver lining”. This means that there is a good side to every situation, no matter how bad it may seem. You may even end up “on cloud nine”, which means you are very happy! But some people have their “heads in the clouds”, not paying attention to reality. No one likes to be stuck in the rain or storm, so it’s no surprise that phrases about them are generally negative. When someone says “it never rains but it pours”, they are complaining (抱怨) that when things go wrong, they go very wrong. People who talk about “weathering a storm” just want to get through a difficult period or situation. 5. What does the underlined part “such phrases” in the first paragraph refer to? A. The old phrases about the weather. B. The funny phrases about the weather. C. The simple phrases about the weather. D. The confusing phrases about the weather. 6. It may be dangerous when you _____. A. know which way the wind blows B. find that something is a breeze C. get wind of a piece of news D. throw caution to the wind 7. If you look at something in a positive way, you may say _____. A. you are under a cloud B. your head is in the clouds C. every cloud has a silver lining D. you see a cloud on the horizon 8. Phrases like “it never rains but it pours” and “weathering a storm” are related to something _____. A. changeable B. unfavorable C. acceptable D. unbelievable C From musician and philanthropist (慈善家) Peter Buffett comes a warm, wise, and inspirational book that asks, Which will you choose: the path with least difficulty or the path of potentially greatest satisfaction? You may think that with a last name like his, Buffett has enjoyed a life of endless advantage. But the son of billionaire Warren Buffett says that the only real thing handed down from his father was: Build your own path in life. It is a principle that has allowed him to follow his own interests, establish his own identity, and gain his own successes. In Life Is What You Make It, Buffett describes the strong set of values given to him by his trusting and broadminded mother, his hardworking and talented father, and the many life teachers he has met along the way. Today’s society, Buffett believes, has changed a lot. People begin to enjoy what they do, with a wealth ethic (财富伦理), honor the payoff instead of the process. Yet, by focusing less on reward, we can open doors of opportunity and work hard toward a greater sense of satisfaction. In clear and brief terms, Buffett explains a great truth: Life cannot be predicted and doesn’t have a second chance, neither fair nor unfair. We see that our journey in life seldom follows a straight line but is often met with false starts, difficulties, and mistakes. How we push through and don’t give up at these challenging moments is where we begin to create the life of our dreams — from discovering our careers to giving back to others. Personal and instructive, Life Is What You Make It is about challenging your condition, taking control of your own life and living it to the fullest. 9.What does Peter Buffett value most about his mother? A. Intelligence.B. Independence. C. Hard work.D. Broadmindedness. 10.Which proverb can best express the main idea of the fifth paragraph? A. Nobody is perfect. B. Life is full of ups and downs. C. Where there is a will, there is a way. D. Failure is the mother of success. 11.Which of the following is NOT true about Peter Buffett? A. He works on music. B. His father is very rich. C. He wrote Life Is What You Make It. D. He thinks society has changed for the better. 12.What is the main purpose of the text? A. To introduce a book. B. To describe a writer. C. To talk about what life is about. D. To discuss how to live a meaningful life. D Where can you go to listen to a cook, a senator (参议员) or a scientist talk about important subjects? BigThink.com is a new website created to provide discussions between world experts and Internet users. Subjects discussed on BigThink include the environment, music and questions about happiness and personal identity. The website has been called a You Tube for thinkers. Victoria Brown and Peter Hopkins created Big-Think.com. They said that people need an international stage on which to exchange, discuss, and debate the important ideas of our time. At the BigThink website, when you click on a subject, you find a video (视频) of a person talking about his or her ideas. For example, you can listen to United States Senator Ted Kennedy talking about education and civil rights. Under their videos, you can read the comments and questions written by other visitors to the website. More than one hundred experts express their ideas on the website. BigThink also has an important list of financial (财政的) supporters. These include Peter Thiel who helped create the PayPal company; Larry Summers, a former United States secretary of the Treasury, and David Frankel, a businessman from South Africa. BigThink’s creators started the website by first getting famous people to agree to be videotaped. They began by interviewing several well-known professors from Harvard University, which they had attended. Then they used the names of these professors to gain the trust of others and get them to take part in the project. The website says Big Think belongs to everyone. Its motto is: “We are what you think.” So, go online and start thinking big. 13. BigThink.com was created to ______. A. introduce the latest IT knowledge B. share funny videos with Internet users C. teach ordinary people some useful skills D. offer chances to communicate with experts 14. The first people interviewed by BigThink.com were some ______. A. scientistsB. professorsC. politicians D. cooks 15. We can infer from the passage that You Tube is ______. A. a famous library B. a online chat-room C. a video website D. a radio station 第二节（共5小题；每小题2分，满分10分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Increase your creativity Every month I face the same problem — how to write educational, informative and, hopefully, interesting articles. 16 . At other times my mind goes blank (空白的), and I experience a creative block. At times we all face creative challenges in life, from designing websites to decorating our apartments, but there are ways to work through creative slumps (低潮). ★Daydream For years, others may have told you to stop daydreaming. 17 . Daydreaming sometimes helps you take a more creative approach to your problem. ★Be happy Some studies suggest that a positive mood (心情) encourages creativity because it increases activity in the parts of the brain related to decision-making and feelings. ★ 18 Face-to-face conversations with friends can lead to creative thinking. ★Take risks Don’t let fear hold you back. You won’t succeed at everything you try. But with each new effort, you will build self-confidence and develop new skills for the future. ★Limit your amusement Everyone enjoys entertainment. 19 . Literature and audio books are better forms of amusement because they force you to use your imagination. ★Look for inspiration Activities such as listening to music, going to museums and traveling all provide sources of inspiration. ★Go offline and go outside Remember how much fun you had as a child running, playing and pretending? Your imagination simply ran away with you. 20 , and can help you get back some of that creative energy from your childhood. A. Get social B. Make friends C. Nature settings fire the imagination D. In fact, letting your mind run briefly can actually be helpful E. Reading relaxes the mind and encourages you to use your imagination F. Sometimes I can just sit down at my computer and the words just flow G. But watching TV, for instance, requires little thought and can actually decrease creativity 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分45分） 第一节：完形填空（共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts. But people in the streets_21__ him，especially those who are__22__. For those people，he is “Gloves” Greenberg. How did he get that__23__？He looks like any other businessman，wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase (公文箱)．But he’s___24_. His briefcase always has some gloves. In winter，Mr. Greenberg does not___25_ like other New Yorkers，who look at the sidewalk and _26___the street. He looks around at___27_ .He stops when he__28__ someone with no gloves .He gives them a pair and then he29____，looking for more people with cold___30_. On winter days，Mr. Greenberg_31___ gloves. During the rest of the year，he___32_ gloves. People who have heard about him___33_ him gloves，and he has many in his apartment. Mr. Greenberg _34__ doing this 21 years ago. Now，many poor New Yorkers know him and__35_ his behavior. But people who don’t know him are sometimes____36 him. They don’t realize that he just wants to make them___37_. It runs in the____38 .Michael’s father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier. Michael Greenberg feels the___39_. A pair of gloves may be a__40__ thing，but it can make a big difference in winter. 21.A．know about B．learn from C．cheer for D．look after 22.A．old B．busy C．kind D．poor 23. A．job B．name C．chance D．message 24.A．calmB．different C．crazy D．curious 25.A．act B．sound C．feel D．dress 26.A．cross overB．drive along C．hurry down D．keep off 27.A．cars B．people C．street numbersD．traffic lights 28.A．helpsB．chooses C．greets D．sees 29.A．holds up B．hangs out C．moves onD．turns around 30.A．handsB．ears C．faces D．eyes 31.A．searches for B．stores up C．gives away D．puts on 32.A．borrows B．sells C．returns D．buys 33.A．call B．send C．lend D．show 34.A．delayed B．remembered C．beganD．enjoyed 35.A．understandB．dislike C．studyD．excuse 36.A．sorry for B．satisfied with C．proud of D．surprised by 37.A．smart B．rich C．special D．happy 38.A．city B．family C．neighborhoodD．company 39.A．honorB．pain C．same D．cold 40. A．smallB．useful C．delightfulD．comforting 第二节： 根据下面所给提示词，写出该单词的正确形式（共10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分）。 41. They were ________ (certain) whether they should go or not. 42. Our new ________ (surround) are a lot more friendly than we expected. 43. It is known that the language is ________ (constant) changing. 44. ________ (give) enough water and sunlight, the plant will grow to three metres. 45. The book ________ (publish) last week is his first for children. 46. (worry) about the journey ,I was unsettled for the first few days. 47.Well -known for their expertise ,his parents company, (call)“Future Tours “,transported me safely into the future in a time capsule. 48. The police did a(n) ________ (admire) job in keeping the fans calm. 49. She was only 19 when her first novel was ________ (出版). 50. They were asked to give the room a(n) ________ (彻底的) cleaning. 第三部分：写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节：短文改错（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 When I started learning English, I found it very difficulty. No matter what hard I tried, I just could not understand the grammar. Then one day, my sister asked me why I was so confusing by English and I told her that I was afraid of it. Then she asked me to watching English movies and listen to some English songs. I fell in the love with these songs. I learned to sing them and find I could remember more and more word. I also felt very interested the movies, because I could learn everyday words from them. Have become interested, I’ve started to make greatly progress. Now, I’m not afraid of English any more. 第二节：书面表达（满分25分） 为了号召大家多读书，你校于9月25日组织了一次“亲子共读（parent-child reading）”活动。假设你是校英文报的记者，请根据以下要点用英语写一篇短文，报道此次活动。 1. 地点：学校图书馆； 2. 参加者：高二年级学生与家长； 3. 活动内容：亲子共读一本书；分享读书体会；互相推荐优秀书籍； 4. 简短评论。 注意：1. 词数120左右；2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 2018-2019学年第一学期 高二年级英语期中考试试卷 试卷类型：A卷 参考答案 1-5CDBDD 6-10 DCBDB 11-15 DADBC 16-20 FDAGC 21-25 ADBBA 26-30CBDCA 31-35CDBCA 36-40 DDBCA 41. uncertain 42.surroundings 43. constantly 44. Given 45.published 46.Worried 47.called 48.admirable 49. published 50. thorough 51. . it very difficulty. difficulty → difficult 52. . what hard I tried . what → how 53. . so confusing by . confusing → confused 54. . asked me to watching . watching → watch 55. . fell in the love . 去掉the 56. . and find I . find → found 57. . more and more word. word → words 58. . interested the movies . interested后加in 59. Have become . Have → Having 60. . make greatly progress. greatly → great One possible version： To call on more students and their parents to read books in their spare time, an activity of parent-child reading was organized on July 25th in our school library. Students of Grade 2 and their parents participated in it. During the activity, each student and his or her parents were asked to choose one chapter from their book and then read it together. After that, they shared their feelings or opinions about it. Many parents said this offered a better opportunity for them to get to know each other. Finally, every family recommended to others three great books. The activity was surely a great success. It not only aroused more students’ interest in reading, but made more parents realize the significance of reading with their children.