第12课时 八年级下册 Units 9～10 一、阅读理解 (2018·山东潍坊中考) When she was just 9 years old, Katie Stagliano planted a cabbage seed(卷心菜种子) in a garden outside her house. She cared for it every day by watering it, weeding it and giving it plant food. It grew to be HUGE! Forty pounds huge! Katie wanted to do something special with this very special cabbage. With her mom s help she decided to donate(捐赠) it to a local soup kitchen to help feed the hungry in her community of Summerville, South Carolina. When she arrived to make her donation, she saw a long line of people waiting for food. Then, Katie served her cabbage to the guest. As the many people thanked her, she knew she could and should do more to help. With the help of her parents and school, Katie s Krops was born! Katie s Krops plants gardens to grow food that is donated to local soup kitchens to feed the hungry. Katie s dream is to end hunger around the world. So, after she created several gardens in her community, she decided to do more. She wanted to help other kids create gardens in their communities! As of 2017, 7 years after she started, there are now 83 Katie s Krops gardens growing across the United States! All of the gardens are led by kids between the ages of 9 and 16. 1．What is “something special” Katie did at last in Paragraph 2? A．Building her first garden. B．Giving the cabbage plant food. C．Helping mom in the local soup kitchen. D．Donating the cabbage to people in need. 2．Who runs the 83 gardens? A．Hungry people there. B．Katie Stagliano herself. C．Teenagers from 9 to 16. D．Parents and schools together. 3．Katie s Krops ． A．creates a lot of jobs for local people B．has its own soup kitchens everywhere C．is now all over South Carolina, the US D．helps fight hunger in their own communities 4．Katie s story sounds ． A．encouraging B．relaxing C．boring D．tiring 二、单词拼写与运用 根据句意完成已给出首字母或汉语提示的单词，使补全后的句子意思通顺，语法正确。 1．(2018·山东泰安新泰二模改编)Tom is such an h boy that all the neighbors believe in him. 2．(2018·山东青岛市北一模改编)The boy hid his toy car a the flowers. 3．(2019·原创)It s an u experience, and few people have chances to do it. 4．(2019·原创)I love Jining in different seasons, e in spring. 5．(2017·山东济宁中考)The book explains grammar (简单) and clearly. 6．(2018·山东泰安中考)Teenagers should be (鼓励) to learn and spread Chinese traditional culture. 7．(2018·山东青岛中考)There is a bookstore (在……对面) our school. 8．(2018·江苏连云港中考)Paul has found a new job and is (考虑) moving to a new flat near his company. 三、语法填空 阅读下面短文，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 A (2018·山东济宁汶上一模改编) An Activity for Reading By CCTV Department of Education This activity 1. (develop) by reading experts for you to use with children. Doing the activity with your children helps you develop their reading skills while having fun at the same time. If the reader 2. (finish) one book and asks for another, you know you are succeeding! We wish you spend 3. (wonder) hours of reading with children! This summer holiday, we 4. (invite) some families to the program Readers to read aloud poems or books you like, and share 5. (you) reading experience. B (2015·山东济宁中考改编)For the last hundred years, people of two villages in Sumatra have used a 30-meter-long bridge. It 6. (make) of the roots(树根) of two trees on each side of the river. Pakih Sohan, a teacher, began to build the bridge in 1890. Because of the river, many children couldn t go to school. It took Pakih Sohan more than 26 years 7. (make) the strong bridge. The bridge is becoming stronger and stronger because the roots grow all the time. On 8. (rain) days people should cross the bridge carefully. When it rains, the bridge 9. (become) wet and slippery(滑的). More and more people travel there just to take some photos and try 10. (cross) it. 四、完形填空 阅读下面短文，从方框中选择适当的词语填空。方框中有两个词语为多余选项。 (2019·预测) become them happier their around Instead make for Because of In America, when people say“man s best friend”， they don t mean a person. 1. ， they are talking about a lovely animal: a dog! These words show the friendship between people and animals. Dogs and other pets can give happiness to people s lives. Some people think of their pets as 2. children. A few even leave their money to their pets when they die! Animals can help people, too. Dogs can be taught to 3. the “eyes” for a blind(盲的) person or “ears” for a deaf(聋的) person. Scientists have found that pets help people live longer! They make people 4. ， too. 5. that, animals are brought into hospitals for “visits”． Americans hold “Be kind to Animals Week” in the first week of May. Pet shows are held during the week. Even if you don t live in America, you, too, can do this. How? First, think about how animals make your life colorful. If you have a pet, take more time this week to play with it. Remember to give it delicious food. If you don t have a pet, be kind to animals 6. you. For example, if you see a street dog, don t kick it or throw things at it. Instead, just leave it alone, or better yet, 7. friends with it. If others around you do bad things to an animal, try to stop them. As human beings, we must protect animals who can t speak for themselves. 五、阅读表达 (2018·安徽安庆桐城四模)Have you heard about “Survival Holidays”？ “Survival Holidays” is for children to go into the lonely place for exciting activities. Now about 1，100 companies are allowed to take children into the great outdoors without their parents. The reason why people like “Survival Holidays” is that they think being close to nature is good for children. Many children in big cities often spend most of their time watching TV and playing computer games. “Survival Holidays” gives them an important change. Children need more free time to play. They need to be left on their own, without adults disturbing(打扰) them. Parents care too much about their children. They like to see the children being busy with activities that are controlled by adults, but children don t know what to do when they are in danger. Even something like crossing a small river is considered to be a challenge. Children are not comfortable with danger. Even small danger like getting their feet wet or falling down seems very terrible to them. Most parents think the survival activities can help children improve their survival skills. Even years later, they will still remember what they have learned. Some have learned to stay calm in different situations. Some have learned how to keep safe. Others have learned how to work in a team. All these skills will help them a lot in their life. 1．What do many children in big cities spend most of their time doing? (no more than 10 words) 2．What is considered to be a challenge for children? (no more than 10 words) 3．How do most parents like the survival activities? (no more than 15 words) 4．请将文中画线的句子翻译成汉语。 5．请给短文拟一个适当的英文标题。 六、写作 (2019·预测)每个人都有自己认为最美好的地方。请以“The Best Place in My Mind”为题写一篇英语文章。内容需包括以下要点： 1．Where is it? 2．The introduction about it. 3．Why is it the best place in your mind? 注意：1.词数：100左右(开头已给出，不计入总词数)。 2．文中不得出现可能透露考生真实身份的任何信息。 The Best Place in My Mind In my mind, the best place is 参考答案 一、DCDA 二、1.honest 2.among 3.unusual 4.especially 5．simply 6.encouraged 7.opposite 8.considering 三、1.is developed 2.finishes 3.wonderful 4．will invite 5.your 6.is made 7.to make 8．rainy 9.will become 10.crossing 四、1.Instead 2.their 3.become 4.happier 5．Because of 6.around 7.make 五、1.Watching TV and playing computer games. 2．Something like crossing a small river. 3．They think the survival activities can help children improve their survival skills. 4．即使是像过一条小河之类的事情都被认为是一项挑战 5．Survival Holidays 六、The Best Place in My Mind In my mind, the best place is my hometown. My hometown is near Jinji Lake. The air here is very fresh and the water in the lake is also very clean. My home is not far from our school. It only takes me ten minutes to go to school by bike. Around my hometown, there are a lot of restaurants and some shopping centers. So if you come to my hometown, you can taste nice food and buy all kinds of things. There are so many tourists who come to my hometown to visit every day. Welcome to my hometown. It is a good place to visit. I am looking forward to seeing you.